mime

mime
   Since the 1970s, the term ‘mime’ has been applied to an increasingly varied field of theatrical activity, broadly characterized by a primary focus on physical expression. This activity draws together a number of historical strands, including the influence of several French mime teachers. British drama schools have tended to offer little training in mime, and have focused instead on acting that is voice/text based. The development of contemporary British mime reflects this marginalization, taking strength and identity from it.
   Mime has typically seen itself in broad opposition to the text-based literary theatre of the West End and regional theatres (see theatre, regional). The 1970s and 1980s witnessed a growth in alternative theatre companies. These companies were often formed by young artists rejecting traditional ways of making theatre to devise and improvise work of their own. A contemporaneous revival of interest in street performance (for example, Covent Garden Piazza, Robotics and body popping) helped to provide a rich environment for a rapid development of mime and related activity. Initially in the 1970s, mime theatre relied on silent illusions and sketches. Critics accused this mime of being too formal, too technical and lacking in content. Later companies/artists sought to break down the formal restrictions of this earlier style, and performers such as Steven Berkoff, Moving Picture Mime Show and Theatre de Complicité have since pointed the way for new physical-based theatre with a more popular voice and an increasingly strong sense of content.
   Mime’s accessibility, distinctiveness and physicality have made it attractive to a number of minority subcultures. In the 1990s, Black Mime Theatre developed a body of work distinctive in its focus on black issues and its exploration of a movement/mime ‘voice’ for black performers. Towards the end of the 1990s mime has reintegrated with dance, circus skills and acrobatics and provided a core of skills now being explored through new forms (such as Club performance, New Circus, alternative comedy and physical theatre), directly related to youth culture and subculture. Mime’s growth, and its subsequent transformation into physical theatre, has coincided with an increasing willingness to accept the moving body as ‘text’. The literal use of gesture as sign has developed into a more complex understanding of movement as a richly diverse and socially resonant vehicle for the making of meaning.
   Further reading
    Leabhart, T. (1989) Modern and Postmodern Mime, Basingstoke: Macmillan Education Ltd (gives broad historical context).
   MARK EVANS

Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture . . 2014.

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  • mime — mime …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • mimé — mimé …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • mime — [ mim ] n. • 1520; lat. mimus, gr. mimos I ♦ N. m. 1 ♦ Antiq. Courte comédie burlesque et satirique, comprenant texte, chant et expression corporelle. 2 ♦ Genre de spectacle fondé sur le geste et l expression corporelle. ⇒ mimique (II, 1o),… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • MIME — (произн. «майм», англ. Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions  многоцелевые расширения интернет почты)  стандарт, описывающий передачу различных типов данных по электронной почте, а также, шире, спецификация для кодирования… …   Википедия

  • Mime Jr. — Mime Jr. Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Mime Jr. Pokédex Nacional Bonsly Mime Jr. (#439) Happiny Pokédex Sinnoh Sudowoodo Mime Jr. (#094) Mr. Mime N. japonés Manene …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mime — Mime, n. [L. mimus, Gr. ?, akin to ? to imitate, to mimic: cf. F. mime. Cf. {Mimosa}.] 1. A kind of drama in which real persons and events were generally represented in a ridiculous manner; an ancient Greek or Roman form of farce. [1913 Webster… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Mime — puede hacer referencia a: Mime, un herrero de la mitología nórdica y uno de los personajes de El anillo del nibelungo de Richard Wagner. Mime de Benetnasch, Dios Guerrero de Asgard de la serie Los Caballeros del Zodiaco, inspirado por el anterior …   Wikipedia Español

  • mime — ► NOUN 1) the expression of action, character, or emotion by gesture alone, especially as a form of theatrical performance. 2) (in ancient Greece and Rome) a simple farcical drama including mimicry. 3) a performer of mime. ► VERB 1) use mime to… …   English terms dictionary

  • mime — [mīm] n. [L mimus < Gr mimos, imitator, actor] 1. an ancient Greek or Roman farce, in which people and events were mimicked and burlesqued 2. the representation of an action, character, mood, etc. by means of gestures and actions rather than… …   English World dictionary

  • Mime — Mime, v. i. To mimic. [Obs.] {Mim er}, n. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • mimé — mimé, ée (mi mé, mée) part. passé de mimer. Représenté par des gestes. Un discours mimé …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

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